Nigeria Fact File

Official name: Federal Republic of NigeriaSize: 38,356,669 square miles (slightly larger than twice the size of California)Population: 137,253,133 as of 2004

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Official name: Federal Republic of Nigeria


Size: 38,356,669 square miles (slightly larger than twice the size of California)


Population: 137,253,133 as of 2004



A farmer tends to a field of corn in central Nigeria.


Population Under Age 14: 43.4%


Capital: Abuja


Official Language: English. Many Nigerians also speak pidgin, a mixture of English and native languages.


Currency: Naira


Religion: 50% Muslim, 40% Christian: mostly Roman Catholic, 10% animist


Literacy: 68% age 15 and over can read and write

Climate: Mostly tropical. It's hotter and drier in the north.

Agricultural Products: Beans, cashews, cocoa, melon, palm oil, peanuts, rice

Major Industries: Textiles, wood products, soap and oil. Nigeria is the world's 10th-largest oil producer.

Did you know?:

There are more than 100 newspapers and magazines published in Nigeria. The government owns many of these publications.
Drums are the most important instrument in Nigerian music. Most are handmade from wood or large fruits called gourds.
Nigeria is home to a variety of animals, including elephants, lions and leopards.


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